Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects approximately 10% of women of reproductive age in the United States. At OB/GYN Associates of Miami, the expert team provides evaluation and management of PCOS symptoms in Miami, Florida, so you live a normal, healthy life with minimal complications. If you have PCOS or suspect you might due to symptoms such as irregular menstruation and infertility, call the friendly staff to set up an appointment or book a consultation online.
PCOS is a hormonal imbalance that leads to the formation of multiple small cysts on your ovaries. The irregularity in your hormones and the presence of cysts interfere with the function of your ovaries – the organs that develop and release eggs each month as part of your fertility cycle. You may experience irregular periods and infertility as a result.
The symptoms of PCOS are mainly caused by an excess of androgens, which are male hormones that women usually only have in small amounts.
Women with PCOS often have an excess of insulin, too. Insulin is a hormone that helps your cells use glucose (sugar) for energy. This puts women with PCOS at greater risk of high blood sugar as well as metabolic syndrome, prediabetes, and Type 2 diabetes.
Diagnosis of PCOS is made with a comprehensive review of your symptoms as well as a pelvic exam, blood tests, and an ultrasound of your ovaries.
Symptoms of PCOS include:
Women with PCOS often have trouble getting pregnant. They’re also at greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Monitoring your condition and treating you with hormones, such as birth control pills, can help you manage the effects of PCOS.
Infertility caused by PCOS can usually be overcome with treatment from the specialists at OB/GYN Associates of Miami. Your first steps toward a healthy pregnancy include losing weight, if you’re carrying extra pounds, and increased physical activity to help regulate your cycle.
The doctors may also recommend medications, such as clomiphene, to help with ovulation. If clomiphene isn’t successful after a few months, in vitro fertilization is another option.
With expert management of PCOS, you can minimize symptoms and live a normal life. If you suspect you have PCOS, call OB/GYN Associates of Miami or book an appointment online.